IR 64 Rice has high-yield-variety and also cost-effective in the international market.
Development of IR 64 Rice by IRRI
- The International Rice Research Institute had developed IR 8 rice in the global market. The rice had also very high-grain yield but also several defects were found. Mostly, the quality of the grain was poor, unable to diseases and pests resistance capacity, and also late maturation of the plant.
- In early 1980, the research institute again developed a variety which was resistance to pests and diseases and it achieved its high yield in just of only 111 days. The variety is very popular in the market as IR 36 which has provided better quality as compared with IR 8. The new variety was so popular that it was spread rapidly and estimated to be planted on 10 million hectares during 1980.
- The much-improved variety of IR 36 over IR 8 was still lacked the quality of the best varieties in the competitive market. Then, in the year 1985, the best variety was released in the market of the Philippines which was known as IR 64 Rice.
- IR 64 replaced almost all the varieties of IR 36 and spread rapidly in the new areas of different countries due to its best qualities.
Popular Qualities of the Rice
The qualities with improved varieties of IR 64 Rice were found in the market are as follows: