A spice is a bark, root, flavoring agent, seed, fruit, and other plant products that enhance the aroma and taste of the food. India is often called ‘The Land of Spices.’ The history of spices dates back to the Indus Valley civilization 4000 years ago. Spices were among the few grounds for outsiders to conquer India. Most spices in India are used in powder or seed form. Some popular spice yields in India are Turmeric, Cardamom, White Pepper, Black Pepper, Clove, and Cumin. Spices from India are still in high demand in the international market. Punjab, Kerala, Gujarat, and some north-eastern states of India are the most popular for the cultivation of spices. Top Importers of spices are the USA, Hong Kong, Vietnam, China, UK, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Sri-Lanka, and UAE. In the fiscal year 2019, the export values of spice sum up to 231 million Rupees. The annual turnover of spice in India increases by 40,000 crores. The expansion of the spice business is a 7% gain in volume, 8% gain in currency.
India has been known as the land of spices from the time immemorial. So what exactly are the spices? Spices are essentially vegetable products used for seasoning and flavoring of foods. In the market, it can be found in powdered or seed form. Spices are added to improve the nutrition and flavor of the food.