The Indian rice export supply chain is struggling due to the limited availability of containers and scarcity of the labor at the biggest handling port on the east coast after novel COVID-19 cases jumped in the region.
Trading is the foundation of any economy and a well-established country always has a very smooth trading process. Trading both international and domestic impacts the global economic growth. It is a century-old system but with changing times it has evolved colossally. From community trading, domestic trading to global trading, everything has progressed with the help of travel advancement. The world is now conducting border-less trade, however, the trading techniques are not so advanced yet. Traders still tend to follow the traditional procedures and invest a high amount of time and money to attain orders.
Cement is the principal commodity of any foundation. Cement comes in different categories, grades and has varied properties. In India,. Cement is differentiated mostly on the quantity requirement, as Trade or non-Trade. To understand how to purchase non-trade cement its first important to address the meaning and difference between the two.
Cement is the root of any construction. House construction is a big commitment in terms of money and efforts. Anyone committing to constructing their own house always has a plethora of questions, what cement to use is a consistent one. Cement is classified into a grading system. These grades are appointed on the compression strength of concrete, which is the ability to hold the load without falling apart. The strength of any cement is measured in megapascals and can be accurately determined after 28 days of setting. Different grades of cement are used for different infrastructure developments, the following are a few cement grades used extensively for house construction.
Cement is an inevitable part of any construction and is used in high quantities for structure building. The strength of any structure depends on several factors, cement quality being one of the most important one. The longevity of a structure is decided at the initial steps of construction with the help of architectural maps, brick quality, cement quality, etc. Before cement procurement, it is important to determine the quality. Cement is a structure binding agent and any negligence in its quality can lead to the whole structure coming crashing down. Certain defined techniques have proven to be beneficial in determining the cement quality. Let’s discuss them:
What is the Difference between Trade and Non Trade Cement
Cement as you may know is a binding agent, used for various construction purposes from homes to offices, towers, bridges, dams, etc. Anything that needs construction, needs cement.
Cement requirement is sometimes low scale (house construction) or high scale (dam construction). It is the quantity requirement that becomes the deciding factor of the selling price. If the quantity is excessive it is impossible to procure it at the generic MRP. To make this a feasible process companies have two categories of trade and non-trade cement. Below we have tried to compare the two and laid out their basic differences. Follow to understand the two:
Cement companies don’t directly sell cement for smaller requirements. They generally have retailers or distributors for smaller purchases. These retailers either keep a specific brand’s cement or different brands, depending on their dealing. Trade cement is the costlier of the two because of the quantity and taxes. When the quantity is less, overhead charges like traveling, labor, utilities, etc are more and they are added to the cement cost. Taxes add to the cost as well, trade cement taxes are to be paid immediately at the time of purchase. In trade cement chances of unknown middlemen can sometimes add to the cost too.
Cement sold directly from the plant to the end-consumer is Non-trade cement. These end consumers are generally high-end construction companies with big construction assignments.
Companies eligible to buy non-trade cement are builders, contractors, or institutes involved in any project, NGO, or government. Non-trade cement is way cheaper due to the large cement quantities, any extra cost is lesser in comparison but minimum order quantities of Non-trade cement are exorbitant.Purchase taxes of non-trade can be paid at the end of a financial year and is not added to current paying charges,
In non-trade, companies dispatch the material directly to the destination without any interference from any middlemen whatsoever.
Rice is the most dominant of all cash crops; it is a part of many delicacies and will always be in demand. For export, rice cultivation was first started by the Chinese, which slowly spread across west Asia and south-east Asia. Europe later followed the suit. Countries in eastern and southern parts of Asia have an appropriate climate that is needed to cultivate rice, with a humid environment and suitable soil. The four most basic requirements for rice production are high temperature, humid environment, enriched land, and the surplus of water. The best production capacity for rice is in china, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, etc.