Raw materials are the building block of finished and semi-finished goods. Some of the common raw materials in use are steel ingots, steel billets. Raw material undergoes a complex process before it gets converted to a finished product. Steel ingots and steel billets are the main raw materials for the steel industry. Raw Materials Suppliers & Raw Materials Manufacturers have been making the most of the high demand for raw materials.
Steel ingots are a pure piece of steel that is molded and cast into a specific shape based on requirements. It is also known as a semi-finished casting product in the life cycle of steel. Through the rolling process, ingots are cast into finished shapes. The finished shape could be in the form of rectangular or hexagonal sections, channel sections and angles, plates, reinforcing bar, railroads rail, etc. There are 2 methods for manufacturing steel ingots- classic casting method or through mechanical production. In a modern plant with quality control mechanism at each step, ingot castings cam be realized within a very short period of time. Ingot castings have an extensive application in many areas. Based on material and size, it plays a vital role in the construction industry and manufacturing of tools & construction machinery. Ingots produced by castings have a wide range of weight starting from 300 kg to 9 tons. Heavier ingots find practical application in the shipbuilding sector and the heavy-duty cranes.
Steel billets are a semi-finished small piece of steel that is available in circular, rectangular or square shapes. Through the process of casting, these semi-finished goods are converted into a finished product. Billets have multiple functions including rolling into bars, rods and sections. Moreover, they can also be used for several metal processing operations like rolling, forging and extrusion. The extensive use is mainly because of its features like high tensile strength, good thermal conductivity and great durability. In modern times, billets are produced by billet mills. One conventional method of rolling billets is to use a three-high mill with box passes. The rolling billets are generally 75 to 125 millimeters square. Steel billets are used for rolling of TMT re-bars and numerous other steel products. Low alloy steel billets can be used from rolling of CRS TMT re-bars.
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