Factors Affecting Pulses Production In India

largest importer of pulses

Pulses are an important part of the diet in India and are produced in large quantities. However, there are many factors that affect production, including weather, pests, and diseases. This article will analyze some of the major factors affecting pulses production in India.

Factors Affecting Pulses Production In India

Pulses are an important part of the Indian diet and are a key ingredient in many dishes. India is the world’s largest producer of organic pulses, but production has been declining in recent years. There are several factors that have contributed to this decline, including:

1) Weather Conditions: Extreme weather conditions, such as drought or excessive rainfall, can adversely affect pulses production.

2) Pest And Disease: Pests and diseases can destroy crops, leading to lower yields.

3) Lack Of Investment: Farmers may not have the resources or capital to invest in better quality seed, fertilizer, and irrigation, which can all improve yields.

4) Poor Infrastructure: Poor roads and storage facilities make it difficult for farmers to get their products to market, leading to losses along the way.

5) Government Policies: Government policies can sometimes be contradictory or unclear, making it difficult for farmers to know what they should be doing to maximize production.

Despite these challenges, India continues to produce a large number of pulses. In order to increase production, it will be necessary to address these underlying factors. Investment in research and development is also needed to develop new varieties that are more resistant to pests and diseases.

Production Of Pulses In India

India is the world’s largest producer of pulses, producing more than 20 million metric tons annually. However, despite this large production, India is still the largest importer of pulses, due to high domestic consumption. Production of cereals in India is affected by many factors, including climate, soil type, and availability of water.

Climate: The Indian subcontinent has a diverse climate, which is generally suited to cereals production. However, extreme weather conditions can adversely affect crop yield. For example, excessive rainfall during the monsoon season can lead to water-logging and flooding, which can damage crops. On the other hand, droughts are also common in some parts of India, and can severely reduce crop yields.

Soil Type: The type of soil found in an area is another important factor affecting pulses production. In general, lighter soils are more suitable for pulses cultivation than heavier soils. Lighter soils are easier to till and provide better drainage, which is essential for preventing waterlogging and ensuring proper root development. Heavier soils, on the other hand, can be more difficult to work with and may not provide adequate drainage, leading to poor crop yields.

Trade Analysis: Imports And Exports Of Pulses In 2022

Pulses are important food crop in India, providing essential nutrients to the diet. India is the world’s largest producer of cereals, but production levels can be volatile. In order to ensure a stable pulses export from India, it is important to understand the factors that affect production levels.

One of the main factors affecting pulses production in India is the monsoon season. The monsoon season brings heavy rains and often flooding, which can damage crops and lead to lower production levels. India’s monsoon season typically lasts from June to September.

Another important factor affecting pulses production in India is trade. India exports large quantities of cereals, and fluctuations in international prices can have a significant impact on Indian farmers. For example, when prices are low, farmers may be tempted to sell their crops early in order to avoid losses, leading to lower production levels.

The government’s policies on agricultural subsidies and support also play a role in determining cereals production levels in India. For example, if the government provides financial assistance to farmers during difficult times, this can help to encourage continued production even during difficult conditions.

Understanding the factors that affect pulses production in India is essential for ensuring a stable supply of this important food crop.


The study concludes that there are many factors affecting the production of pulses in India. The most important factor is rainfall. Other important factors include temperature, soil type, and fertilizer use. The study recommends further research to identify other possible factors and quantify the effect of each factor on pulses production in India.

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