Basmati has been unique long-grained aromatic rice grown in a particular geographical region of Himalayan foothills in India for many centuries. Its extra-long & slender grains that extend their original size at least twice, with a smooth, fluffy fabric, delicious and distinct flavor, make it stand apart from other kinds of rice. Amongst the high-quality aromatic rice varieties, 1401 Basmati is the flagship one which is only grown in the most productive regions of India & Pakistan. Many people are unaware of the statistical fact that India meets 90% of the world’s demand for Basmati rice, followed by Pakistan for the remaining 10%. Hence, India holds the title of the world leader in producing the rarest variety of nutritionally rich, aromatic extra-long grain rice.
Properties of 1401 Basmati Rice:
1401 Basmati Rice is known for its uniform structure as well as its traditional and distinct taste. It is longer and fluffier than other hybrid varieties of Indian Basmati rice. For its distinct fragrance, high nutritious value, and low moisture content, 1401 Basmati Rice is an integral part of traditional cuisines such as biryani, pilaf and pulao. The average grain length of this rice variety is 7.70 mm. It is grown in the Terai region of the Himalaya’s northwestern part. One of the most distinguishing characteristics of this rice variety is its fine texture. This food grain has a long shelf period, a sanitary processing system, a good flavor, and a non-sticky texture. The tall, slender grain shape distinguishes 1401 basmati Rice. This crop’s long storage life and ease of digestion are two of its most notable characteristics.
1401 Basmati rice is not a commodity but rather a niche product. The educated consumer follows the guidance on the product’s packaging. The best attribute of this rice is when cooked; it becomes soft and doubles in size. The most significant aspect of 1401 basmati rice is it is finely harvested and packed.
Because of its long reign, 1401 Basmati Rice is the only variety that has served the world’s cuisines, ancient, modern, and contemporary, with its expressive texture, aristocratic taste, and aroma.
Some of the major characteristics of 1401 basmati rice are-
- Physical Characteristics of 1401 Basmati Rice are as follows:-
- Whole and broken grains
- Grain Shape and Scale
- Grain color
- Kernels that are damaged and discolored
- Foreign material like dust or stones
- Moisture content
- The chemical characteristics of 1401Basmati Rice are as follows:-
- Rice grain chemical characteristics
- The appearance of the grain post-cooking, as well as how it feels when eaten
- Temperature of gelatinization
- Consistency of the gel
These characteristics of Basmati rice are influenced by the agro-climatic conditions of a particular geographical region and the method of harvesting, refining, and aging. Its distinct features add a touch of class that can transform even the most mundane meal into a gourmet’s delight.
Production of 1401 Basmati Rice:
The seed-to-seed maturity of 1401 Basmati Rice is 145 days, which is the shortest amongst all basmati rice varieties and has a yield of 3.9 Metric Tonne per hectare. 1401 is a semi-dwarf Basmati rice variety with a short structure and sturdy stem; due to its early maturity, cultivation of the same can help save up to 25% of irrigation water. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, and Western Uttar Pradesh. India and some parts of Pakistan are the major producers of Basmati Rice, with India having the lion’s share of the market.
Basmati Rice provides several health benefits: gluten-free and low in fat, containing all eight essential amino acids and folic acid & is sodium and cholesterol-free. Further, has a low to medium glycemic index, which means that energy is emitted at a slower and more consistent rate, resulting in a more balanced energy level. Basmati rice contains less saturated fat, rendering it a heart-healthy option. Moreover, the unsaturated fats in Basmati rice lower bad cholesterol and help to reduce clotting &, with a high fiber intake, promotes a balanced cardiovascular system.
The market of 1401 Basmati Rice:
The marketability of 1401 Basmati rice is determined by milling and cooking quality factors. The qualities of Basmati rice desired by producers, millers, and consumers/buyers can be identical or distinct. The annual rice exports from India are estimated to be between 10 and 13 million MT. India exported 11.9 million MT of rice in 2018-19 (April-March), with Basmati rice accounting for 4.4 million MT and non-basmati rice accounting for 7.5 million MT. Basmati rice accounts for 30 percent to 40% of total rice exports, while non-basmati rice accounts for 60%. India is the largest Basmati Rice Exporters in the world.
Rice exports account for up to 70% of global exports. Every year, India exports Basmati rice to nearly 132 countries around the world. Iran, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Iraq are the top 1401 Basmati Rice Buyers each year. Iran and Saudi Arabia account for more than half of India’s Basmati rice exports. While Basmati rice accounts for about 6% of India’s overall rice production, it accounts for 57% of its total rice exports.
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