Agri Commodities

Punjab’s Mandis Witness 56% Rise In Basmati Rice Arrival In Comparison To The Last Season

As per the statistics, India is the largest producer and exporter of rice in the global market. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab are some of the top Rice producing states of India. In November 2022-23 after the completion of the harvesting season, it was estimated that markets in Punjab, generally referred to as Punjab Mandis would receive heavy quantities of aromatic fine quantity basmati rice.  As per records, Punjab Mandis has received around 22.12 lakh tonnes of Basmati rice till 24 January 2023 that is 56% higher as compared to previous harvesting season. 

In 2021-22, farmers were getting only Rs 3000 to Rs 4000 per quintal rate for rice, but if the selling price of present year is analyzed then, this year the farmers are getting Rs 4400 to Rs 4745 per quintal rice. This financial year has proven profitable for the farmers because the harvest is double in comparison to the last year. 

Basmati Rice Production Data Of Punjab 2022-23

This year the harvest accounts for around 22.12 lakh tonnes, which in comparison to last year’s aromatic basmati rice’s production of 14.17 lakh tonnes, is 7.95 lakh tonnes higher. 

As per the data collected by Punjab Mandi Board, Amritsar district has produced the highest quantity of Basmati Rice i.e. 5.55 lakh tonnes which is followed by Fazilka district from which 4.12 lakh tonnes of Basmati rice arrived in the mandi. Besides that, Patiala, Sir Muktsar Sahib and Tarn Taran districts procured 1.98 lakh tonnes, 1.86 lakh tonnes and 1.75 lakh tonnes of rice in Mandi. In addition, Sangrur, Faridkot and Gurdaspur districts also contributed 1.69, 1.22 and 1.22 lakh tonnes Basmati rice. Some small districts of Punjab that contributes to minor rice production and supply in Mandi are Firozpur, Mansa, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Moga, Bathinda, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr, Mohali, Hoshiarpur, Pathankot and Fatehgarh Sahib. 

According to stakeholders, an increase in the production of basmati rice cultivation is due to appropriate climatic conditions. Besides that, increase in area under rice cultivation have also aided in increased production. 

High Demand Of Indian Basmati Rice 

Indian Basmati rice is the finest quality of rice that remains in high demand consistently throughout all marketing seasons. Its selling cost is also high as compared to the paddy. Therefore, it is generally procured by rice traders and exporters for sale in overseas market. Thus, the selling rate of rice is highly dependent on private players in the export-import market. West Asia raises high demand for Indian Basmati rice. Ten different varieties of basmati rice are harvested in Punjab, which also includes six varieties recommended by Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana. Almost 43 percent of the total land area is under cultivation of the PUSA-1121 variety this harvesting season which is followed by Basmati 1718 as well as PUSA Basmati 1509.  Lastly, to increase the cultivation of Basmati rice the area of cultivation should increase from 4.50 lakh hectares to 10 lakh hectares. Besides that, Punjab should not cultivate non-basmati rice (paddy crop)on more than 14-15 lakh hectares. 

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