A spice is a bark, root, flavoring agent, seed, fruit, and other plant products that enhance the aroma and taste of the food. India is often called ‘The Land of Spices.’ The history of spices dates back to the Indus Valley civilization 4000 years ago. Spices were among the few grounds for outsiders to conquer India. Most spices in India are used in powder or seed form. Some popular spice yields in India are Turmeric, Cardamom, White Pepper, Black Pepper, Clove, and Cumin. Spices from India are still in high demand in the international market. Punjab, Kerala, Gujarat, and some north-eastern states of India are the most popular for the cultivation of spices. Top Importers of spices are the USA, Hong Kong, Vietnam, China, UK, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Sri-Lanka, and UAE. In the fiscal year 2019, the export values of spice sum up to 231 million Rupees. The annual turnover of spice in India increases by 40,000 crores. The expansion of the spice business is a 7% gain in volume, 8% gain in currency.
The method of agricultural production that includes a high level of biodiversity with Environmental preservation practices coupled with animal welfare is called Organic Farming. Organic products (Pulses) are always in demand due to sustainable development and fertilizer-free products.
Indian Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi in recent times has largely spoken for the need of India to be self-reliant. It is his recent Mann Ki Baat, broadcasted on Sunday 30-8-2020, he focused on the homegrown apps specially catering to the needs of tier 2 and tier 3 cities.