Rice is one of the world’s foremost food crops for humans, particularly in Asian countries. Top 5 rice-consuming countries in the world during 2020 are from Asia.
Rice is the third most grown crop in the world? The only two crops produced more than rice are maize (corn) and sugarcane. It grows in moist conditions, which are common in the Asian region.
Between 2008 and 2019, global rice consumption increased by over 50 million metric tons, from 437 million metric tons to around 490 million metric tons. In 2018/2019, the top three countries for rice consumption were China, India, and Indonesia. According to a report, the global rice market will be a USD 274 Billion opportunity by the end of 2027.
India, Thailand, Vietnam, and Pakistan are the leading rice exporting countries worldwide. Paddy farming is important to these countries’ economic development.
The Asian section comprises over 200 million rice fields and produces around 90 percent of the world’s rice.
Here, is the list of the top 5 Rice-consuming countries in 2020.
- China is indeed the world’s largest consumer and producer of rice.
- It has also been one of the world’s fastest developing economies in recent years, with agriculture being one of its most significant foundations.
- In effect, rice consumption stands at 146,500 metric tons per year, accounting for about 30 percent of global rice output.
- Rice is a staple food for around 65 percent of the Chinese population, which has been aided by the widespread adoption of hybrids and adequate growing conditions.
- It is also the first country in the world to successfully produce hybrid rice, bred from two different types of plants.
- India is the second-largest rice-consuming nation with 106,000 metric tons in 2020.
- More than half of the Indian population relies on rice as a staple food.
- The government plays a pivotal role in rice production for consumption through procurement and initiating distribution programs.
- Farmers are supported in the different stages of production mostly through subsidies and production, which include fertilizers, seeds, electricity, and machinery.
- India had the highest export volume of rice worldwide, at 15.5 million metric tons as of 2020/2021.
- India is also the world’s leading exporter of Basmati rice, with 4.4 million metric tons exported in 2018-19.
- Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa are the largest rice-producing Indian states.
- Bangladesh is the world’s 3rd largest consumer of rice. Its rice consumption stands for 35,800 Metric tons in 2020.
- Rice farming expanded early to the Indian subcontinent, which includes Bangladesh, and the nation’s profound connection with rice has made it the country’s most significant crop.
- The Bengali people revere rice as an ancient emblem of prosperity, success, and good health.
- The more rice you grow, the more gratitude you disperse!
- Indonesia is the world’s fourth-largest rice consumer with 35,400 metric tons in 2020.
- The majority of Indonesian farmers cultivate rice making it the most staple crop for their country.
- According to the International Rice Research Institute, Indonesia will require at least 38% more rice in the next 25 years than it is presently producing.
- Vietnam is the fifth-largest rice consumer in the world. However, Vietnam is the world’s third-largest rice exporter after India and Thailand.
- The total consumption of Vietnam in 2020 is 21,200 Metric tons.
- The Mekong Delta, located at Vietnam’s southernmost tip, is responsible for the majority of the country’s rice production. It’s no surprise that it’s known as the “Rice Bowl” of the country!
- Around 82% of Vietnam’s arable land is used to cultivate rice, and in 2018/19, Vietnam produced 27.77 million metric tons of rice and exported around 6.6 million metric tons to the Philippines, China, and some countries in Africa.
Source – USDA