Agri Commodities Wheat

Top 5 Wheat Producing Countries During 2020-21

Top 5 Wheat Producing Countries

Wheat is one of the essential crops to humanity as it is a mainstay in everyone’s diet around the world. Wheat is a commonly grown crop whose seed is a cereal grain used as a staple meal globally. In this statistical piece of content, you will get an overview of the world’s top 5 wheat-producing countries in 2020-21.

The 5 top wheat-producing countries contribute significantly to the global food supply as they comprise almost half of the total wheat production in the world. It is estimated that emerging nations consume over 75 percent of global wheat output, while wheat accounts for around 25 percent of total grain production worldwide.

Here Is The List Of The Top 5 Wheat-Producing Countries Worldwide During 2020-21-

Source- Statista.com

Volume in Thousand Metric Tons

European Union 135,800
China 134,250
India 107,592
Russia 85,300
United States  49,691

Note- Data sourced from credible sources and figures are approximations only.

European Union:

  • European Union emerged as the winner in terms of wheat production during the marketing year of 2020-21, it produced around 135,800 thousand metric tons of wheat, accounting for more than one-fifth of global wheat output.
  • According to Eurostat France, Germany and the United Kingdom had been the largest wheat producing EU member countries over the last 10 years.
  • In 2019, the United Kingdom produced around 16.22 million metric tons of wheat, worth approximately 2.44 billion British pounds.

China:

  • Runner-up China produced around 134,250 thousand metric tons of wheat during the 2020-21 period.
  • China has a major impact on global grain market dynamics. The country produces around 126 million metric tons of wheat each year.
  • Wheat is grown in 30 Chinese provinces, with Henan and Shandong accounting for over 40% of the country’s wheat output.
  • Wheat is extensively grown in China’s Yellow and Huai River Valleys, where it is cycled with maize.
  • The nation allocated 14.5(approx) percent of its agricultural acreage for farming wheat.
  • Around 24 million hectares of China’s farmland are engaged in wheat cultivation.

India:

  • India is one of the world’s leading wheat producers. It ranks third with a volume of 107,592 thousand tons during 2020-21.
  • Following China, India is Asia’s second-largest wheat producer.
  • India produces around 100 million tons of wheat each year.
  • Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh are the top three wheat-producing states in India, accounting for around 60% of total wheat cultivation.
  • India contributes around 8.7 percent of global wheat output, and this crop occupies 13 percent of all farmed areas in India.
  • Wheat production in India occupies around 30 million hectares of agricultural land.

Russia:

  • Russia is the world’s fourth-largest producer of wheat with 85,300 thousand metric tons in 2020-21.
  • Winter wheat is the most common type of wheat cultivated in the nation.
  • It produces around 63 million tons of wheat per year, and the volume may rise at a CAGR of more than 11% over the next several years.
  • According to sources, more than 26 million hectares of Russian farmland is engaged in wheat cultivation
  • The Volga, Western Siberia, and European Russia are the largest wheat-producing regions in Russia.

United States:

  • The United States is the world’s fifth-largest wheat producer, with wheat production occurring in nearly every state.
  • It produces a volume of 49,691 thousand metric tons during 2020-21.
  • Kansas, Northern Dakota, Montana, Washington, and Oklahoma are the leading wheat-producing states in the United States.
  • According to the USDA, there are eight kinds of wheat produced in the nation.

The most significant types are:

  • Durum wheat (used to make pasta)
  • Hard red winter wheat
  • Hard red spring wheat
  • Soft white wheat
  • Hard white wheat
  • Winter wheat, which accounts for 70-80 percent of overall production in the United States (often used in bread making due to its high gluten content).

Favorable Climatic Condition for Wheat Production:

Wheat is considered one of the staple food grains consumed and produced worldwide. It ranks third in terms of volume after rice and maize. The most important climatic element for wheat production is yearly rainfall ranging from 240 mm to 1700 mm. The most prominent wheat types are common wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (T. Durum), and club wheat (T. compactum).

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